Payment Instruction & Settlement

What is a “Payment Instruction”?
Ans. “Payment Instruction” is defined as any instrument, authorization or order in any form, including by electronic means, to effect a payment by a person to a participant in a payment system or from one participant in such a system to another participant in that system.
The payment instruction can be communicated either manually i.e. through an instrument like a cheque ,draft , payment order etc or through electronic means, so that a payment can be made by either a person to the participant in such a system or between two participants.

What is a “Settlement”?

Ans. “Settlement” means the settlement of payment instructions received and these include settlement of securities, foreign exchange or derivatives or other transactions. Settlement can take place either on a net basis or on a gross basis. Both netting and gross settlement system are defined under the Act.